Statement by H.E. Mr. Le Luong Minh, Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs, Head of the delegation of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam at the General Debate of the Non-Aligned Movement Coordinating Bureau
Excellency, Mr. Chairman,
Excellencies, Ministers, Heads of Delegation,
On behalf of the Vietnamese Delegation, I would like to express our gratitude to the Government and people of Egypt for hosting this important Ministerial Meeting of the Non - Aligned Movement Coordinating Bureau and for their hospitality. We are grateful to Egypt for its leadership over the past three years, which has played a vital role in the revitalization of our Movement after half century of its existence. We congratulate Iran for its successful preparation for the NAM Summit in August and Venezuela for its decision to host the NAM Summit in 2015.
As we are meeting here today to prepare a work platform for us for the next three years, the Movement which is playing a more and more important and indispensable role in international affairs, is also facing great challenges in all major areas: peace and security, economic development and international relations. While instability, conflicts and wars continue mostly in or between member states of the Movement, many have been the products of outside interference and intervention. In their struggle for their right to self-determination, the people of Palestine remain without a sovereign State. The people of Cuba continue to suffer from an unjust unilateral trade, economic and financial embargo imposed on it by the United States. Developing countries members of NAM are continuing to shoulder the main burden of the consequences of an inequitable international trade and financial system, the adverse impacts of globalization, the phenomena of climate change, epidemics, and food and energy insecurity. And this situation is prevailing in the absence of an effective global governance mechanism with the United Nations, which NAM expects and supports to play a central role in resolving global issues unable to fully deliver its mandates due to the lack of progress in the process of its reform.
In the face of these challenges, Mr. Chairman, it is more important than ever for the Movement to strengthen its unity on the basis of its founding Bandung Principles and the fundamental principles of the UN Charter and international law, namely the principles of peaceful co-existence, respect for the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of states and resolution of disputes by peaceful means and through negotiations. Accounting for more than half of the world’s population and two thirds of the UN membership, united on the basis of these principles will enhance the indispensable role and voice of the Movement in the resolution of major political, social and economic issues confronting the international community. We need to double our efforts to maintain peace, stability while making sustainable economic and social progress in national development. To empower itself politically and economically to be able to play a more assertive role in addressing important issues such as nuclear disarmament, human rights, international terrorism, climate change, epidemics, the impacts of globalization and the implementation of Millennium Development Goals, for the removal of unjust measures targeted the Movement’s member States, NAM must further forge its common voice by strengthening its existing coordination mechanism at the United Nations while promoting the UN reform process with a view to ensuring an enhanced role of the General Assembly and an increased representation of developing countries in the Security Council. Together with efforts to further promote South-South cooperation in the spirit of solidarity, NAM must be united in efforts to promote free trade, technology transfer, and the reform of international economic and financial system to make it more responsive to the legitimate needs of developing countries. In this connection, NAM must redouble its efforts to promote a sound global governance system with the UN, reformed and strengthened, playing a central role.
As an active member of the Movement and of the regional organization - the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), a responsible member of the United Nations, Viet Nam is strongly committed to the fundamental principles of the UN Charter and international law, including the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, as well as the 1992 ASEAN Declaration on the South China Sea in the search for a peaceful solution to the issue of sovereignty and territorial disputes in the Eastern Sea (or the South China Sea). In July 2011, in Bali the ASEAN countries and China adopted the Guidelines for the Implementation of the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea. The ASEAN countries and China also agreed on efforts to implement the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea as an important step to achieve a Code of Conduct in the South China Sea, which would help create a conducive environment for the maintenance of peace and stability in the region. Together with the other ASEAN countries, Viet Nam welcomes the positive contributions of the ongoing bilateral and multilateral consultations among the parties concerned at the intergovernmental level, the extensive consultation at the ASEAN-China Dialogue, the regular exchange of views in the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) and the informal Workshops on Managing Potential Conflicts in the South China Sea and encourage their continuance. We thank the Movement for the spirit of NAM solidarity as reflected in the Final Document that we adopted yesterday.
While we are meeting in this beautiful North African city of Shalm El Sheikh, not far away the Government and people of Syria, a sister country, member of the Movement, are undergoing a most difficult period on their path of development. We hope that with the support of the Movement in the spirit of respect for the principles of Bandung, the Government and people of Syria will overcome the present difficulties and bring the country back to normalcy and stability for development in the interests of peace, stability and development of the region and of the world.
Last year, when we celebrated 50 years of the Movement's existence, we chartered a new path for its development. With solidarity and faithful to the Bandung principles, the Movement had stood the test of time and become the most powerful force for change in international political life. With solidarity and the new vision based on the ever-relevant Bandung principles, the Movement shall overcome challenges in its mission to defend and promote the legitimate interests of its member States, those of peace, development and social progress. Together, the Movement will overcome.
I thank you, Mr. Chairman./.